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Thread: The Only Ways to Limit the Amount of Fat Gained on a Bulk Are...

  1. #1
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    The Only Ways to Limit the Amount of Fat Gained on a Bulk Are...

    1) Eat less high GI carbs, unless they are centered around your workout (pre/post WO)
    2) Don't eat too many cals over maintenance (try to gain ~1lb per week)
    3) Do HIIT cardio

    Is this right? I've learned a lot on this site, and the stuff I've learned about diet has gone against everything I thought I knew before. I used to think that eating dietary fat made you fatter, that if you ate clean, you wouldn't get fat, no matter how much you ate, that tons of cardio burned fat, etc. Now it seems like the 3 things above are the only things that can be done that will have a significant effect on fat gain during bulking.

    As long as you're getting the required amount of protein and EFAs, is it all just about cals in vs. cals out (assuming you're not eating too many high GI carbs)? Does it matter if my protein is comming from lean beef or McDonalds? It's seeming to me now like there aren't that many things that can be done apart from what I've listed to limit fat gain on a bulk. Even regular (non HIIT) cardio seems like it only burns fat because it burns more calories, which would kind of be counterproductive on a bulk anyways. Does anybody have any other ideas (please only list things that will make a significant effect, nothing that will only have a small effect). I'm starting to bulk again, but I'm trying to gain less fat than i did during my 1st bulk

  2. #2
    Senior Member geoffgarcia's Avatar
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    Re: The Only Ways to Limit the Amount of Fat Gained on a Bulk Are...

    Originally posted by thetopdog
    1) Eat less high GI carbs, unless they are centered around your workout (pre/post WO)
    I WISH I could gain 1lb per week. If the goal is to gain LBM and not fat (as that seems to be the point of this thread) then try to limit your growth to 1lb every other week. This will ensure your not just packing on fat.
    Also, I think the part about GI food isn't accurate and am looking for proof, so will edit this in a bit.


    Originally posted by thetopdog
    As long as you're getting the required amount of protein and EFAs, is it all just about cals in vs. cals out (assuming you're not eating too many high GI carbs)? Does it matter if my protein is comming from lean beef or McDonalds?
    Hell yeah it makes a difference. Can you say saturated fat? Transfatty acids? Cholesterol?


    Originally posted by thetopdog

    3) Do HIIT cardio
    as far as my understanding of HIIT goes, it raises your metabolic rate for a longer period of time than regular cardio does, thus while in a HIIT session you might not burn as many calories as in a full blown cardio session, over the course of a few hours you will burn more (in theory)
    assuming this is true then doing HIIT while doing a bulk is about as useful as doing cardio...IMHO both should be avoided as it means you have to eat that much more food.

  3. #3
    Grasshoppa
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    I read that HIIT is pretty anabolic.
    Shao-LiN
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    Senior Member Manveet's Avatar
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    1) Do cardio (moderate or high intensity)

    2) Eat only slightly above maintenance

    3) Try to eat as clean as possible
    "It is often said, mainly by the "no-contests", that although there is no positive evidence for the existence of God, nor is there evidence against his existence. So it is best to keep an open mind and be agnostic. At first sight that seems an unassailable position, at least in the weak sense of Pascal's wager. But on second thought it seems a cop-out, because the same could be said of Father Christmas and tooth fairies. There may be fairies at the bottom of the garden. There is no evidence for it, but you can't prove that there aren't any, so shouldn't we be agnostic with respect to fairies?"

    Richard Dawkins


    "Out of all of the sects in the world, we notice an uncanny coincidence: the overwhelming majority just happen to choose the one that their parents belong to. Not the sect that has the best evidence in its favour, the best miracles, the best moral code, the best cathedral, the best stained glass, the best music: when it comes to choosing from the smorgasbord of available religions, their potential virtues seem to count for nothing, compared to the matter of heredity. This is an unmistakable fact; nobody could seriously deny it. Yet people with full knowledge of the arbitrary nature of this heredity, somehow manage to go on believing in their religion, often with such fanaticism that they are prepared to murder people who follow a different one."


    Richard Dawkins


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    Re: Re: The Only Ways to Limit the Amount of Fat Gained on a Bulk Are...

    Originally posted by geoffgarcia


    Hell yeah it makes a difference. Can you say saturated fat? Transfatty acids? Cholesterol?
    I'm strictly talking about gaining fat though, not overall health. I was under the impression that saturated and trans fats don't make you any fatter than other types of fat, they're just less healthy. Same with cholesterol, I don't see how cholesterol makes you fat. I'm not trying to kill myself, but I'm more concerned about reducing fat gain than anything else at the moment

  6. #6
    Senior Member geoffgarcia's Avatar
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    Originally posted by Manveet
    1) Do cardio (moderate or high intensity)
    I've yet to hear a convincing argument why someone on a cut should do cardio.
    Do you have one manveet? I'm dying to hear one because when i cut I want to be as efficient as possible and I can't work out the logic behind why you would want to do cardio when doing a cut.

  7. #7
    Journalist galileo's Avatar
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    Uh, what's there to work out? Cardio improves glucose disposal and burns calories. Two beneficial things while cutting.

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    Senior Member geoffgarcia's Avatar
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    Originally posted by galileo
    Uh, what's there to work out?
    Cardio improves glucose disposal and burns calories. Two beneficial things while cutting.
    assuming your eating slightly below your your metabolic rate then why would you want to burn extra calories? doesn't eating less have the same result?

    I'm not sure what you meant by cardio improves glucose disposal, can you put it in laymans terms for me (I'm slow)

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    Originally posted by geoffgarcia


    I've yet to hear a convincing argument why someone on a cut should do cardio.
    Do you have one manveet? I'm dying to hear one because when i cut I want to be as efficient as possible and I can't work out the logic behind why you would want to do cardio when doing a cut.
    I was talking about bulking, not cutting. But I guess there would be even less of a reason to do cardio when bulking

  10. #10
    Senior Member Manveet's Avatar
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    Originally posted by geoffgarcia


    I've yet to hear a convincing argument why someone on a cut should do cardio.
    Do you have one manveet? I'm dying to hear one because when i cut I want to be as efficient as possible and I can't work out the logic behind why you would want to do cardio when doing a cut.
    Feel free to do some research on this subject on pubmed. There are a myriad of studies on this topic.

    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/q...&dopt=Abstract


    "In summary, moderate aerobic exercise over a period of 6 mon resulted in a preferential loss in visceral fat in nonobese healthy women, and this may help to explain some of the health benefits associated with regular and moderate physical activity."

    This one talks about the effects of aerobic excercise training, along with calorie deficit. The group that just used caloric balance alone lost the least amount of fat.

    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/q...&dopt=Abstract



    "Twenty-six sedentary young women (27.9% body fat) were randomized into three groups: nonexercising control (C, N = 8); 1-2 sessions/wk plus a 240 kcal caloric restriction (1-2SW, N = 9); and 3-4 sessions/wk without caloric restriction (3-4SW, N = 9). There was a equivalent decrease in the percentage of body fat and total fat mass in both exercise groups compared with that in C."
    Last edited by Manveet; 11-13-2003 at 11:08 PM.
    "It is often said, mainly by the "no-contests", that although there is no positive evidence for the existence of God, nor is there evidence against his existence. So it is best to keep an open mind and be agnostic. At first sight that seems an unassailable position, at least in the weak sense of Pascal's wager. But on second thought it seems a cop-out, because the same could be said of Father Christmas and tooth fairies. There may be fairies at the bottom of the garden. There is no evidence for it, but you can't prove that there aren't any, so shouldn't we be agnostic with respect to fairies?"

    Richard Dawkins


    "Out of all of the sects in the world, we notice an uncanny coincidence: the overwhelming majority just happen to choose the one that their parents belong to. Not the sect that has the best evidence in its favour, the best miracles, the best moral code, the best cathedral, the best stained glass, the best music: when it comes to choosing from the smorgasbord of available religions, their potential virtues seem to count for nothing, compared to the matter of heredity. This is an unmistakable fact; nobody could seriously deny it. Yet people with full knowledge of the arbitrary nature of this heredity, somehow manage to go on believing in their religion, often with such fanaticism that they are prepared to murder people who follow a different one."


    Richard Dawkins


    "Bah. You know I hate poor people."

    Paul Stagg

  11. #11
    $3n10r M3mb3r defcon's Avatar
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    Originally posted by Manveet


    Feel free to do some research on this subject on pubmed. There are a myriad of studies on this topic.

    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/q...&dopt=Abstract


    "In summary, moderate aerobic exercise over a period of 6 mon resulted in a preferential loss in visceral fat in nonobese healthy women, and this may help to explain some of the health benefits associated with regular and moderate physical activity."

    This one talks about the effects of aerobic excercise training, along with calorie deficit. The group that just used caloric balance alone lost the least amount of fat.

    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/q...&dopt=Abstract



    "Twenty-six sedentary young women (27.9% body fat) were randomized into three groups: nonexercising control (C, N = 8); 1-2 sessions/wk plus a 240 kcal caloric restriction (1-2SW, N = 9); and 3-4 sessions/wk without caloric restriction (3-4SW, N = 9). There was a equivalent decrease in the percentage of body fat and total fat mass in both exercise groups compared with that in C."
    Bump on that. If you Cut through diet only.. you will become "Skinny Fat". Thank You

    As to cardio while bulking. I say do 30 mins of med intensity cardio 2-3 times a week for 2 reasons, IMO.

    1. general health and i believe there are studies showing that cardio helps in nutrient partitioning, meanind you get less fat on a bulk :P

    2. at med intensity your burn more fat while doing the excersise. We don't really want to raise the metabolism for the remainder of the day so save the HIIT for cutting, just do med intensity while bulking to reduce a little bit of fat.. but the main reason is #1.

  12. #12
    Senior Member geoffgarcia's Avatar
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    Manveet, I appreciate the time you put into the response to find those articles. And I would like to continue this debate.
    However, Article 1 doesn't even deal with the difference between diet vs cardio.

    My point is that decrease in calorie OR cardio have the same impact. This article says that with no calorie change that cardio makes a difference, it doesn't compare the control group to a calories defecit group so no conclusion can be drawn from this. I HOPE you can see this.

    I had one impression reading the parts of the second article you clipped out, but I think you missed the main points in the article!!!!

    Reduction in subcutaneous fat mass was significant in 3-4SW, but not in 1-2SW or C
    Since this was tested on only 26 users where diet was self administered I find this to be inconclusive. For this to have been a definitive study saying that cardio reduces subcutaneous fat then the results would have showed that group C had insignificant loss, group 1-2SW had a slight loss and group 3-4 had significant loss (do you see my point?)

    It is suggested that the decrease in SFM is proportional to the amount of aerobic exercise training.
    again, I don't buy this based on what they've posted in the article, otherwise there would have been proof in the 1-2SW group. How can a group that does 1-2 workouts a week not show ANY results, yet a group that does 3-4 shows a significant change? = they can't, inconclusive data.

    A negative correlation was observed between training frequency and changes in SFM (r = -0.65)
    I'm not sure I get this statement, so the more frequently you train
    the less SFM you lose? thats how I read it. (positive correlation would be more training = greater loss)

    VFM decreased significantly and equivalently in both 1-2SW and 3-4SW. A change in visceral fat mass appears to be related to an deficit in caloric balance either by dietary restriction (decrease caloric intake) or by increased caloric expenditure.

    uh...this line pretty much says that cardio and diet are just about equals and pick your poison....this certainly isn't proof that cardio is superior....


    I'm not trying to be a dlck here, but do you have another study? the second one actually supports my theory partially*LOL*

    Originally posted by defcon
    If you Cut through diet only.. you will become "Skinny Fat"
    I interpret this line as being "if you cut through diet only you will lose muscle and not lose fat = Skinny Fat"
    Is this the correct interpretation? I still don't see anything that supports this (unless I'm missing the point?)
    Last edited by geoffgarcia; 11-14-2003 at 09:30 AM.

  13. #13
    $3n10r M3mb3r defcon's Avatar
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    Yeah that was interpreted right.. and from my understanding, agreeing with manveet, that you need to diet and excersise to lose V and S fat.

    However, they studies youve posted are also conviencing :\

  14. #14
    Senior Member geoffgarcia's Avatar
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    I didn't post any new studies....I just read the two studies that manveet posted and picked out alternate quotes and what I found unconvincing.

    I WANT to believe that cardio will help in one way or another.
    I'm just looking for proof.

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    $3n10r M3mb3r defcon's Avatar
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    hmm, well here is something from personal experiance... I dieted down, eating 1000 cals or less a day and got from 220 to 140 in the matter of 4 months or so. I became what you would call "skinny fat" ( look at my pics in the member pic page ). Well anyway, during this i did no cardio work.. i still had LOTS of SFM left, but lost a lot of VFM. Along with LOTS of muscle.

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    Journalist galileo's Avatar
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    Wow, there were a lot of responses, and I'm not individually going through them.

    1. You do not need cardio to lose weight and dieting without it will not make you skinny-fat, but dieting without weight training of some sort will. Your body knows whether you need the muscle you have.

    2. Glucose disposal, glycogen uptake, etc. Getting that stuff out of your blood and into your cells.

    3. Cardio will increase your calorie usage even after the bout has ended, making it more valuable than the time you just put in.

    4. When fat is released, it is released as glycerol and FFA's. The FFA's go into your bloodstream and the glycerol gets used for other stuff (required for glycogen production). These FFA's need to be mobilized in order to be burned. Cardio is a good way to do such.

    Cardio is also catabolic in some ways, but when you are on a cyclic diet, I feel it is very very beneficial.

  17. #17
    Senior Member geoffgarcia's Avatar
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    Originally posted by defcon
    hmm, well here is something from personal experiance... I dieted down, eating 1000 cals or less a day and got from 220 to 140 in the matter of 4 months or so. I became what you would call "skinny fat" ( look at my pics in the member pic page ). Well anyway, during this i did no cardio work.. i still had LOTS of SFM left, but lost a lot of VFM. Along with LOTS of muscle.
    Defcon,
    I think...cardio would have done more harm than good.
    Sub 1000 calories means you were in a catabolic state. (poor protein utilization, body tends to lose more muscle than fat)
    This approach is undesirable if ur looking to lower bf and minimze muscle loss.
    What you did was a recipe for high muscle loss/low fat loss which is exactly why you became skinny fat (in ur terms).


    Galileo I'm not sure how any of the things you posted prove/disprove the argument at hand.

    Originally posted by galileo
    Cardio will increase your calorie usage even after the bout has ended, making it more valuable than the time you just put in.
    this is the primary line being argued in this post, I fail to see how this is desirable. Why not just eat less!?

    Originally posted by galileo

    Glucose disposal, glycogen uptake, etc. Getting that stuff out of your blood and into your cells.

    When fat is released, it is released as glycerol and FFA's. The FFA's go into your bloodstream and the glycerol gets used for other stuff (required for glycogen production). These FFA's need to be mobilized in order to be burned. Cardio is a good way to do such.
    FFA = free fatty-acid
    I agree that cardio does accomplish this.
    However I'm still waiting for a study or rational argument that its needed if regular weight training is being done.


    Originally posted by galileo
    Cardio is also catabolic in some ways, but when you are on a cyclic diet, I feel it is very very beneficial.
    some ways? depending on duration/intensity either it is, or it isn't...
    How is a catabolic state beneficial to a person trying to minimize muscle loss and maximize fat loss?
    Last edited by geoffgarcia; 11-14-2003 at 11:24 AM.

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    Journalist galileo's Avatar
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    I was merely stating some points, not arguing anything. The primary argument is the FFA mobilization and glycogen uptake.

    Unless you're weight training everyday, how could it not be of value? You're dieting, you have them in your blood stream. One bout of weight training 3x a week is not going to maximize the mobilization.

  19. #19
    Player Hater PowerManDL's Avatar
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    Weight training can only do so much unless you're doing it every day and using high-density methods.

    The key here is using physical activity to create an energy deficit. It just happens that weight training is good at that. However simply lifting 3x a week generally isn't enough activity on its own to stimulate any major fat loss.
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    Hey, thanks for all the relpies guys, but this thread is getting a little off topic. I'm asking about limiting the amount of fat gained on a bulk, not during a cut. Do any of you have any suggestions? It's seeming to me now like the ONLY thing you can do to limit the amount of fat gained on a bulk is to not eat too far over maintenance? Does it even matter what kinds of food you eat as long as you're getting the right amount of protein and EFA's? Does cardio matter at all during a bulk?

  21. #21
    Senior Member geoffgarcia's Avatar
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    sorry for getting slightly off track there

    the above stuff relates to both cut and bulk

    if you do cardio just make sure you adjust your diet accordingly on those days by eating more to make up for the burned calories + some that will be burned off from the upped metabolic spike

    Avoid going into a catabolic state when doing cardio by monitoring the time your on the machines and your heart rate.

    a combination of weight training and cardio on the days off, will keep your FFA and glucose flowing and will help minimze fat

    as you said, dont eat to far over your metabolic rate. A gain of .5lbs a week would be fantastic, but if you get up to 1lb per week its possible you will be putting on quite a bit of fat as well.

    There are arguments that say stay away from hi-gi carbs except around workout time

    good luck and keep us posted!
    NJ RULES!

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    thanks a lot Geoff. I guess I was right about the ways to minimize fat gain. I thought there would be more ways (eg, eating very clean foods), but I guess I was wrong.

    And I hate NJ , I need to get out of here, but I have 2.5 years left

  23. #23
    Senior Member Manveet's Avatar
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    Originally posted by geoffgarcia
    I didn't post any new studies....I just read the two studies that manveet posted and picked out alternate quotes and what I found unconvincing.

    I WANT to believe that cardio will help in one way or another.
    I'm just looking for proof.
    I've been browsing around through one of my University's research databases and haven't found anything to support the general veiwpoint. I came across this quote from one study,

    ". It was also reported that in obese men, reductions in VAT induced by the combination of diet and exercise are not different from those observed in response to diet alone. It is unclear whether the results of these studies reflect a biological truth or are confounded by methodological problems associated with the control of energy intake and expenditure in free-living patients. "

    Btw, I have yet to find studies done on weight lifters.
    "It is often said, mainly by the "no-contests", that although there is no positive evidence for the existence of God, nor is there evidence against his existence. So it is best to keep an open mind and be agnostic. At first sight that seems an unassailable position, at least in the weak sense of Pascal's wager. But on second thought it seems a cop-out, because the same could be said of Father Christmas and tooth fairies. There may be fairies at the bottom of the garden. There is no evidence for it, but you can't prove that there aren't any, so shouldn't we be agnostic with respect to fairies?"

    Richard Dawkins


    "Out of all of the sects in the world, we notice an uncanny coincidence: the overwhelming majority just happen to choose the one that their parents belong to. Not the sect that has the best evidence in its favour, the best miracles, the best moral code, the best cathedral, the best stained glass, the best music: when it comes to choosing from the smorgasbord of available religions, their potential virtues seem to count for nothing, compared to the matter of heredity. This is an unmistakable fact; nobody could seriously deny it. Yet people with full knowledge of the arbitrary nature of this heredity, somehow manage to go on believing in their religion, often with such fanaticism that they are prepared to murder people who follow a different one."


    Richard Dawkins


    "Bah. You know I hate poor people."

    Paul Stagg

  24. #24
    Senior Member Manveet's Avatar
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    Bah, here's another quote from a different study.

    "Investigators have used exercise to slow the depletion of lean body mass during very low calorie diets; however, the results are not conclusive. A host of different methodologies and questionable documentation and design of exercise protocols precludes a definitive statement for the benefits of exercise during very low calorie diets for the purpose of LBM retention."
    "It is often said, mainly by the "no-contests", that although there is no positive evidence for the existence of God, nor is there evidence against his existence. So it is best to keep an open mind and be agnostic. At first sight that seems an unassailable position, at least in the weak sense of Pascal's wager. But on second thought it seems a cop-out, because the same could be said of Father Christmas and tooth fairies. There may be fairies at the bottom of the garden. There is no evidence for it, but you can't prove that there aren't any, so shouldn't we be agnostic with respect to fairies?"

    Richard Dawkins


    "Out of all of the sects in the world, we notice an uncanny coincidence: the overwhelming majority just happen to choose the one that their parents belong to. Not the sect that has the best evidence in its favour, the best miracles, the best moral code, the best cathedral, the best stained glass, the best music: when it comes to choosing from the smorgasbord of available religions, their potential virtues seem to count for nothing, compared to the matter of heredity. This is an unmistakable fact; nobody could seriously deny it. Yet people with full knowledge of the arbitrary nature of this heredity, somehow manage to go on believing in their religion, often with such fanaticism that they are prepared to murder people who follow a different one."


    Richard Dawkins


    "Bah. You know I hate poor people."

    Paul Stagg

  25. #25
    16 inches of pure passion Khar's Avatar
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    Originally posted by geoffgarcia


    I've yet to hear a convincing argument why someone on a cut should do cardio.
    Do you have one manveet? I'm dying to hear one because when i cut I want to be as efficient as possible and I can't work out the logic behind why you would want to do cardio when doing a cut.
    Cardio mobilizes fat...Sooo if you are in a caloric deficit[cutting] and the fat is already mobilized...well it is going to get burned before say muscle as long as your diet isn't too catabolic. This would be greatly beneficial on a cut.

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