It's all over the internet from medical studies that alcohol decreases protein synthesis by an astounding 20%. Testosterone is also lowered while estrogen increases. My question though; one that google has yet to answer; is for how long is your protein synthesis mitigated?
Is it only until your hang over is gone? Is it before that? After that? Does food help? Does the quality of the beverage count for anything (cheap wine has more crap in it than a 100 dollar bottle), etc.
What have you found out there to show the total effects, start to finish, on protein synthesis by alcohol.
Another alarming fact - Alcohol is empty calories, no nutritional value but 7 cal/gram. A shot of 80 proof vodka (clear obviously) has nearly 100 calories. Might be a shock to some of the cutters.